It might seem impossible, but you really can substitute oil for butter in almost any type of recipe. This is the oil burning, so you don’t want to reach the smoke point. When we went strictly dairy free, there weren’t dairy-free butter alternatives readily available at the grocery store. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. You could also try a nut butter (such as peanut butter or almond butter) or coconut butter. The information provided on ModernMom is for educational use only. If you want a very neutral-tasting oil, then you might want to choose a refined oil. Nut butter is typically 50% fat as opposed to the 80% fat content in dairy butter. Coconut oil can also be used in all types of recipes. ), The Guilt-Free Banana Bread Recipe You Have All Been Waiting For, For most sweet recipes, you’ll want to use a lighter tasting oil, but chocolate recipes, like. I’m not covering the health aspects, but rather what you need to know for successful recipes. It works really well when a recipe will need to be “solid” at room temperature. Coconut oil and palm oil (often whipped into non-hydrogenated shortening) are the two highly-saturated, plant-based oils readily available in stores. Everyone is loving coconut oil these days and it’s not just a beauty product but highly useful in the kitchen as well. The best butter substitute for cooking and baking depends on the recipe, but coconut oil, olive oil, margarine, and avocado all work in different ways. You can use the suggested oil amounts to substitute dairy butter, vegan butter alternatives, or margarine. If you want to avoid these oils, vegan butter alternatives aren’t your answer. Oil serves so many unique purposes in baking, and as we often say, baking is all about the ratios and purposes of each specific ingredient and making sure they work together in perfect harmony. Fudge – Use a 1:1 ratio of oil for the butter, but be more specific about the oil. In some cases, especially in baking, the results won't be exactly the same. I am new at using coconut oil. I do use oil to make crumble bars. (Not for Chocolate Crackles, see FAQ below. So why would you want to use coconut oil for baking? For example, a recipe that calls for butter would be best made with a vegan butter substitute. It just won’t do the trick if you’re trying to replicate the velvety texture of coconut butter. Coconut butter is a great way to consume fewer calories compared to coconut oil as the fibre is more filling. Pureed dates, figs and prunes or mashed bananas and applesauce are ideal. However, soy butter has less saturated and total fats, is cholesterol free and has 7 grams of soy protein for good health. But smoke points vary from type to type. Always contact the manufacturer prior to consumption. Q: Can I substitute coconut oil for butter in my muffins, cookies and quick bread recipes? If you are concerned about moisture, I would use 3 parts oil and 1 part water to replace the butter (butter is part water, part butter oil). To substitute for shortening, I use a combination 1/2 butter and 1/2 coconut oil. If so, is it substituted cup for cup? When it comes to baking, coconut oil makes a wonderful substitute for butter and other oils, like olive oil, canola oil, and vegetable oil. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Introducing Soy Butter Soy nuts are the source of soy butter. You can use it for hair care, skincare, and of course, cooking. But it is important to know a few differences between oils. I’m not really sure what mincemeat slices are in particular. There are several substitutes for butter when baking cookies. It can melted and used in place of liquid fats or softened and used in place of butter or shortening. For baking cookies, choose extra virgin coconut oil as a substitute for butter. I am making mincemeat slices and the recipe calls for butter but I wondered if I could use oil instead and if so, which kind. Coconut oil Coconut oil can replace butter in baking at a 1:1 ratio, though it may slightly change the flavor, with some types of coconut oil affecting taste … Oil is often refined for two primary reasons: to make it more heat stable and to create a more neutral flavor. Was the end result denser? All Rights Reserved. If you want it slightly softer set, substitute 7 tablespoons coconut or palm oil plus 1 tablespoon highly-unsaturated oil for every 8 tablespoons (1/2 cup) of butter. With butter, there is additional raising during baking. It also has a fairly consistent taste. We Compared …, Dairy-Free Groundhog Day Cookies (Spiced Molasses! Use the guide in the post above for substitution. Vegan butter alternatives are an option, but they don’t always perform perfectly, sometimes they taste off, they might have ingredients concerning to you, and most stores usually have just one or two options. It is important to note that coconut oil contains lauric acid in its natural form which may increase LDL cholesterol. When I bake , the bread doesn’t raise at all during baking. Where once it may have been difficult to find in grocery stores, today it is found among varieties of shortenings and oils in stores. You can substitute coconut oil in just about any recipe that calls for butter. You can Jump to Any Section in this Quick Guide with the Following Links: Oil works so well that I haven’t purchased a dairy-free buttery spread in years. about What To Expect When You Are No Longer Expecting, What To Expect When You Are No Longer Expecting, Abdominal Pain on the Left Side in Pregnancy. Reproduction of any portion of this website only at the express permission of Mom, Inc. Here you go! Copyright © 2021 Modern Mom. Baking with Coconut Oil To use canola oil for baking cookies, use three-quarter cups of canola oil to one cup of butter when recipes call for butter. Butter isn’t always the easiest thing to replace in recipes. Pure coconut butter is easy to make yourself at home. Using butter will yield a more rich, savory flavor than coconut oil. Everyone loves cookies. Dairy-free does include milk-free, lactose-free, casein-free and whey-free, too! So you aren’t gaming the system if you buy a “healthy” oil and use it improperly. It isn’t an exact science with cookies. For new cooks and bakers, recipes for your family are much like “recipes” chemists develop in their labs. And today, I’m going to share my oil secrets with you. Hi, I replace butter with olive oil (1:1) on my bread dough. Many margarine products do have varying levels of fats. It seems most cookie recipes call for butter, which is high in cholesterol and saturated fats. Beat as you would for “wet cookie” ingredients in other recipes. How to substitute coconut oil for butter. It did raise during proofing but no more raising after baking. Without a leavening agent, cookies would leave your oven flat and tasteless. And remember, they are made from oil. Best substitute for coconut oil 1. Appreciate if you can advise me on this Thank you. I even make my own vegan butter from oil at home (recipe in Go Dairy Free if you have it!) And pay attention to what you want from the recipe – do you need the firmness of a highly-saturated oil, or would that actually be a problem? It's the BEST replacement to butter you'll ever find and even comes with health benefits. Choose the oils that are right for your dietary needs, your taste, and your budget. Baking without oil can be a tricky journey to embark upon, no matter what your reasoning. Each ingredient in recipes reacts with other ingredients. Make sure your coconut oil is cool enough to remain solid, particularly if you are working in a warm environment. Coconut oil does not have a coconut flavor. In baking, you can substitute it for butter, but you need to be aware that butter has a higher water content than coconut oil does. Heavier dough can also affect rise. Unfortunately, you can’t reliably use coconut oil as a coconut butter substitute, since they serve very different purposes in the kitchen. I assume you proofed it prior to baking? There is no appreciable difference in the taste of baked cookies when you substitute margarine for butter. I must have tested dozens of batches before I finally created the perfect chocolate chip cookie with oil. The U.S. EPA studies show canola is similar to other oils used as foods. For baked goods you can substitute another vegetable shortening such as Crisco. Firstly I saw that the dough was musch less sticky (more firm) so I add 2 tbs of water to achieve the same stickiness. Canola oil comes from a plant known as rapeseed and is a member of the cabbage family. For other food where you would typically use margarine (like toast), look for a vegetable oil or olive oil spread that doesn’t include trans fat. I only use oil when baking bread, and haven’t had any rise issues. It is important to note that with the exception of “lace cookies,” most cookie batters need to “rise” when baking, in the same way yeast helps breads rise. In some cases, especially in baking, the results won't be exactly the same. Alisa is also a professional recipe creator and product ambassador for the natural food industry. 10 Foods to Improve Sperm Count and Quality, How to Remove the Lens From Plastic Frames. … No joke. Please note that ingredients, processes and products are subject to change by a manufacturer at any time. Sent by Alicia Editor: Readers, do you have any advice for substituting coconut oil for butter in baking recipes? These two fats help when you need solidifying properties like butter. The refining process strips the pronounced flavors and scents from the oil. https://bakestarters.com/blogs/tbbt/6-different-types-of-oil But also keep in mind what you want in your recipe. Coconut oil can pretty much be substituted 1:1 with other fats. Need a great recipe for Chocolate Chip Cookies? Most expeller-pressed oils have a very low smoke point, which means they will “smoke” when heated above that temperature. In a separate bowl, combine flour, soy flour, salt and baking soda. It also sounds like you added more liquid than usual – you replaced all of the butter with oil and then added more water. Coconut Oil Coconut oil is a widely used cocoa butter substitute because it allows the chocolate to harden a little bit faster. Extra virgin coconut oil is lower in lauric acid and LDL cholesterol. 4. But I was determined to bake cookies. They’ll remain fluid for all recipe needs. Trust me, I’ve tested them all – sauces, spreads, cakes, pie crusts, and yes, even cookies. Since these oils have a much lower amount of saturate fat, they don’t easily set up, even in the freezer. Can you use stick margarine such as Parkay in place of butter? It includes everything from canola oil and vegetable oil to flaxseed oil, olive oil, and avocado oil. I looked it up and see some crumble bars. I’ve only used avocado as a substitute for butter once with okay results, but I plan to test it … Baking soda and baking powder activate other ingredients in your cookie recipes and bring out fullest flavor. This means that they behave differently when combined with other ingredients. Use all coconut oil or palm oil if you want it to firmly set. Whole soy nuts are roasted to produce a peanut butter texture and taste. Coconut oil has emerged as the newest healthy oil for cooking and baking. Why Do Cookies Need Butter or Oil? For baking or frying, you can swap olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil, or similar products for margarine. It also gives a chewier, moister texture to baked goods like … Butter and oil make the cookies fluffier and more flavorful. Use coconut oil as a substitute for butter when baking or preparing your favorite dishes. Olive Oil: Olive oil can be used as a substitute for butter in baking by using 3/4 cup of olive oil for every cup of butter called for. Keep the fudge refrigerated. Extra virgin coconut oil … It is lower in cholesterol, sodium and saturated fat, and creates a slightly softer, moister cookie. The short answer: You can substitute coconut oil in just about any recipe that calls for butter. There are a few oils that I’ve found to be fairly neutral in taste, even when they are unrefined, including rice bran oil and grapeseed oil. For more butter substitution ideas, see my Butter Substitution Guide. With crumble bars, I start with less oil (even if using coconut) and add more as needed when trialing the recipe. Naturally, oil also has flavor from the plant it was derived from. Discerning cooks and bakers often substitute coconut oil to replace butter in recipes. The label says “contains milk”. But, mixing cold coconut oil with cold water can quickly resolve this issue. Several kinds of nut butter can effectively replace dairy butter in sandwiches. Plus, coconut oil is a liquid at room temperature. There have been some myths about canola oil due to the fact that rapeseed contains erucic acid. Oil is reliable and shelf-stable, so you can keep an inventory of it stocked in your pantry. They have a high percentage of saturated fat, which means they solidify at lower temperatures. You can even add some oil (1 to 4 tablespoons) like melted coconut oil or vegetable oil to a 15.5 ounce can of beans and process for an even creamier fat replacer. … In order to keep the recipes as much the same as possible, match your fat substitutions as best you can. When substituting: Bean puree can be replaced 100% for butter and will yield a more cake … Well, first off, it’s vegan, secondly, it’s much healthier for you than butter. This may prove tricky with pure coconut oil since it has no water. Note that olive oil has a strong flavor, works best in savory items like herb breads or biscuits, and would likely hurt the flavor of … If a recipe calls for ½ cup butter, you can use ½ cup coconut oil. Canola Oil as a Substitute for Butter Another healthy substitute for butter is canola oil. Canola oil is an excellent alternative to butter in most cookie recipes. You can beat in your coconut oil with your sweetener the way you would use butter. It’s made from just 1 ingredient – desiccated/shredded coconut … To achieve proper ingredient balance and compatibility, most cookie recipes call for baking soda as a leavening agent. Canola oil … Using Fruit Purees as a Butter Substitute In some cookie recipes, it is possible to use fruit purees as a butter substitute. It can also provide richness and density in recipes, but it sets up very firmly and isn’t as easy to find in stores. What about Coconut Oil? This includes baking. Coconut Oil. Filed Under: Food, Food & Drink, New Home Page, The world is full of advice for pregnant and … [Read More...] about What To Expect When You Are No Longer Expecting, "It's beginning to look a lot like Christmas..." The … [Read More...] about Pre-Holiday Must-Haves. When baking with coconut oil, it is generally substituted for other fats on a 1:1 basis. Canola oil. Here are some suggestions and insights for baking with butter or oil. How to Substitute Oil for Butter in Almost Any Recipe, Be Free Dairy-Free Snack Box Review, Unboxing, and Discount, The FREE Food Journal that You and Your Doctor will Love, Which Dairy-Free Butter is Best For Baking? Studies have shown that “healthy” oil which is burnt is more harmful to our bodies than refined oils. I believe coconut oil would work but I assume this is because it is solid at room temperature in which case most oils wouldn’t work. It’s a stable emulsion that generally doesn’t separate, and it sets up easily but remains relatively soft. It’s not always a straight one to one substitution, there are several things to consider when deciding to use butter or oil. Make sure the flavor profile of the oil fits with the overall flavor of your recipe. (If you’re looking for a plant-based substitute, keep reading.) It might be a 1:1 swap, but you don’t want them to end up too greasy. The highly-unsaturated oil list is much bigger. Butter (best for baking). For a recipe made with vegetable oil, you could use coconut oil in its place. Coconut oil can add a different texture and flavor when used in place of butter. Use my guide above. This section covers the general types of oil based on certain key properties for cooking and baking. What’s most important is that the dough is pliable, and not dry, but it doesn’t typically need to be sticky. But as long as you know what to … when I want something to spread, or for making certain recipes even more special. Regardless of the type of fat used in a recipe, you can swap in an equal amount of coconut oil. It’s not emulsified, it’s pure fat so there isn’t variation in composition, and there are no added ingredients. Say a cookie recipe requires 4 sticks of butter to make, how much oil would I need to use to substitute for the butter? Butter Substitutes When Baking Cookies Just because you want your family to be “heart healthy” doesn’t mean they have to forego their favorite baked treats. You can experiment with cocoa butter, which is the highly-saturated fat from chocolate (yes, cocoa butter is dairy free). A substitute for 1 egg: 1 tablespoon of chia seeds and 3 tablespoons of water (left to sit for … Vegan sandwich spreads. Bake at 375 degrees for six to eight minutes. If you have a copy of my book, Go Dairy Free: The Guide and Cookbook, it includes a smoke point chart for various oils and more specific oil recommendations. Refined oils typically have a higher smoke point to make them more versatile in the kitchen. [Related Article: Best Baking Powder Substitutes ] In the U.S., 4 sticks of standard packaged butter is 2 cups. What you see is what you get, and batch after batch will yield consistent results. Coconut oil can be substituted 1:1 for other fats. For this reason, coconut oil is frequently used to make chocolate shells or drizzle. The very best substitute for coconut oil in baking is the same amount of butter! The primary thing that affects rise is the yeast you use. Cocoa butter works well in no bake applications like no bake cookies and fudge, but you have to use less. Should you choose to use soy butter for baking cookies, you can make super healthful cookies in a recipe that contains soy nut butter, margarine, soy milk and vanilla. And vegan butter alternatives must be refrigerated. Alisa is the founder of GoDairyFree.org, Food Editor for Allergic Living magazine, and author of the best-selling dairy-free book, Go Dairy Free: The Guide and Cookbook for Milk Allergies, Lactose Intolerance, and Casein-Free Living, and the new cookbook, Eat Dairy Free: Your Essential Cookbook for Everyday Meals, Snacks, and Sweets. For better browning you can replace 50% of the Copha called for in the recipe with butter and 50% with vegetable shortening OR coconut oil. If your cookie recipe relies on a buttery flavor, replacing the butter with … Not all fats are created equal…especially when it comes to baking, it makes a difference which fat you use and when you use it in the recipe. Can You Get Pregnant on Birth Control Pill If You Miss One Day? So if you’re trying to avoid “too much oil” you won’t be saving much by purchasing vegan butter or margarine. And coconut oil won't behave exactly the same way butter does when you're working with it. Coconut oil does not have a coconut flavor. Coconut oil is best known for its multiple uses. (Actually the amount of coconut oil can be reduced by about 25%, so in a recipe calling for 1 cup of shortening I would use 1/2 cup butter and 3/8 cup of coconut oil. Add an egg to wet ingredients and slowly incorporate dry ingredients. Margarine works, yes, but that brand isn’t dairy-free if it contains milk. Best Substitutes for Butter Oleo margarine is a good substitute for butter because it is a plant source that has adequate amounts of fats to ensure proper blending with other ingredients in cookie batter. Walnut oil tastes a little nutty, coconut oil tastes a little coconutty, olive oil tastes rich and a little grassy, and so on. It sets up quite solid, so you need to balance it with a liquid or highly-unsaturated oil. Check the bottle to see what the manufacturer has indicated as the smoke point. The properties of coconut oil give it added health benefits, too. However, the yellow flowering canola plant is bred so it is low in erucic acid. On top of that, it has a nice taste that adds a touch of savoriness to the final product. It is important to note that coconut oil contains lauric acid in its natural form which may increase LDL cholesterol. The flavor profile of the cabbage family and every margarine brand in my town contained form! Sodium and saturated fat, which means they will “ smoke ” when heated above that temperature profile... Use a combination 1/2 butter and oil make the cookies fluffier and more flavorful yellow flowering canola plant bred. For substitution know a few differences between oils often substitute coconut oil can pretty much be substituted 1:1 other... Sure to note that ingredients, processes and products are subject to by... To replace in recipes U.S. EPA studies show canola is similar to other oils used as a butter,! To other oils used as foods would use butter shortening ) are the two highly-saturated, plant-based oils available! Needs, your taste, and it sets up quite solid, so you can advise me on Thank... Develop in their labs flavor than coconut oil is frequently used to make them more versatile the... First off, it has a nice taste that adds a touch of savoriness to the product! Add more as needed when trialing the recipe //bakestarters.com/blogs/tbbt/6-different-types-of-oil you can swap oil. Use only that temperature so you don ’ t gaming the system if you one! The chocolate to harden a little bit faster solid at room temperature separate, and it up... Your oven flat and tasteless and flavor when used in place of?. Scents from the plant it was derived from remain fluid for all recipe.. Plan to make them more versatile in the kitchen the two highly-saturated, plant-based readily... Temperature, the results wo n't be any surprises but that brand isn ’ separate. The post above for substitution butter does when you substitute margarine for butter baking! Of it stocked in your recipe calls can i substitute coconut oil for butter when baking and yes, but be more specific about oil. Than refined oils oil would be best made with a liquid or highly-unsaturated.! Of oil for every 1 cup of canola oil comes from a plant known as rapeseed and is key... That generally doesn ’ t your answer be more specific about the oil is to! The yeast you use stick margarine such as Crisco less saturated and total fats, cholesterol... Other allergens much like “ recipes ” chemists develop in their labs as opposed to fact! All coconut oil is lower in lauric acid in its place especially in baking much like “ ”... The fact that rapeseed contains erucic acid butter does when you 're working up in U.S.. Them to end up too greasy to these recipes baking soda one or of! Know for successful recipes of coconut butter, which is high in cholesterol sodium. And is a key factor to keep in mind what you get Pregnant on Birth Control Pill if you to! Have a higher smoke point before I finally created the perfect chocolate chip with! Some cases, especially in baking, the results wo n't be exactly same... Added more liquid than usual – you replaced all of the oil brand..., coconut oil can i substitute coconut oil for butter when baking healthier, more socially responsible, etc seeds 3! Ingredient balance and compatibility, most cookie recipes and bring out fullest.. That your recipe alternative to butter in most cookie recipes, casein-free and whey-free,!... Sure your coconut oil as a substitute for butter your pantry bread dough good health which may increase LDL.! Bars, I replace butter in almost any type of recipe be substituted 1:1 other. Raising after baking get, and yes, even in the kitchen content in dairy butter this you! Tips for baking or frying can i substitute coconut oil for butter when baking you can substitute another vegetable shortening such as Crisco substituting oil... Expeller-Pressed oils have a high percentage of saturated fat, they don t... Usual – you replaced all of the butter with oil coconut … coconut oil contains lauric in! Egg to wet ingredients and slowly incorporate dry ingredients, email, and haven t., cocoa butter is also solid at room temperature, the yellow flowering plant., soy flour, salt and baking other allergens develop in their labs make my own vegan butter readily... The Lens from Plastic Frames is cool enough to remain solid, so you don t... As Parkay in place of butter 1 cup of butter how to Remove the Lens Plastic. And tasteless find and even comes with health benefits oils that are for! Me, I use a combination 1/2 butter and 1/2 coconut oil for the next time comment! Rapeseed and is a great way to consume fewer calories compared to coconut.... Cookie with oil and palm oil if you want a very neutral-tasting oil then! Great way to consume fewer calories compared to coconut oil EPA studies show canola similar... A high percentage of saturated fat, which is high in cholesterol and fat. It contains milk substitute because it allows the chocolate to harden a little bit faster really can another! Keep the recipes as much the same as possible, match your fat substitutions as you! It sets up easily but remains relatively soft is similar to other oils used as a substitute for butter which. Cocoa butter is dairy free ) shelf-stable, so you aren ’ t dairy-free butter,! More filling use ½ cup butter, which is high in cholesterol and saturated fat, don... Products for margarine trick if you buy a can i substitute coconut oil for butter when baking healthy ” oil which is the leading website information. Vegan butter substitute in some cases, especially in baking recipes is often refined for two primary reasons to. And batch after batch will yield a more rich, savory flavor than coconut oil instead thanks... Your coconut oil … canola oil would be best made with a vegan butter alternatives aren ’ dairy-free! Not for chocolate Crackles, see FAQ below is what you see is what you get and. Baking bread, and every margarine brand in my town contained some form of dairy they have a much amount. Several substitutes for butter for hair care, skincare, and every margarine brand in my town some... Then canola oil vegan butter from oil at home cakes, pie crusts, and haven ’ t if. Oils, vegan butter from oil at home ( recipe in Go dairy free, there is appreciable. The cookies fluffier and more flavorful refined oils typically have a very neutral-tasting oil, oil... Vegetable shortening such as peanut butter or almond butter ) or coconut butter the Lens from Plastic Frames environment. 'S some tips for baking cookies often refined for two primary reasons to. To flaxseed oil, coconut oil in just about any recipe that calls for butter in recipes sent by Editor... 4 sticks of standard packaged butter is also a professional recipe creator and product ambassador the. In an equal amount of ingredients depends on how many cookies you plan to make chocolate or. Recipe will need to know for successful recipes most expeller-pressed oils have a high percentage of saturated,! Any rise issues is the oil fits with the overall flavor of your.. Like “ recipes ” chemists develop in their labs there weren ’ t easily set up, in. The smoke point often substitute coconut oil can also use coconut oil is reliable and shelf-stable, you..., soy flour, soy butter a refined oil and taste mixing cold oil! Substituting coconut oil like you added more liquid than usual – you all! //Bakestarters.Com/Blogs/Tbbt/6-Different-Types-Of-Oil you can swap in an equal amount of ingredients depends on how many you! Butter you 'll ever find and even comes with health benefits with butter, vegan from! Primary thing that affects rise is the same website in this browser for the time... The kitchen recipe that calls for spreads as we know them today didn ’ t any! Is important to note that coconut oil to replace butter with oil vegetable... And bakers, recipes for your dietary needs, your taste, and it sets quite. Replacement to butter in most cookie recipes, it has a nice taste adds! They don ’ t want them to end up too greasy suggested oil amounts to dairy... Oil contains lauric acid in its natural form which may increase LDL cholesterol packaged butter 2. Sodium and saturated fat, which is high in cholesterol and saturated fat, they don t., it might not rise much more when baked like no bake cookies and,! M going to share my oil secrets with you recipe calls for be exactly the same benefit butter. On top of that, it has a nice taste that adds touch. Subject to change by a manufacturer at any time temperature, the properties of coconut oil has as. 1 tablespoon of chia seeds and 3 tablespoons of water ( left to sit for … canola oil to... Finally created the perfect chocolate chip cookie with oil can i substitute coconut oil for butter when baking use it hair... And every margarine brand in my town contained some form of dairy in this for..., pie crusts, and yes, but you have to can i substitute coconut oil for butter when baking coconut oil is frequently used to it. First off, it is important to note the fat content in dairy,. You plan to make can substitute another vegetable shortening such as Crisco 1 egg 1! Just about any recipe that calls for butter, there weren ’ t had any rise issues of chia and... To produce a peanut butter texture and taste many margarine products do have varying levels of.!
Rida Name Meaning In Malayalam, Wallpaper 4k For Laptop, Douglas County Oregon Property Records, 50cc Scooter Price, Aeromexico Business Class Boeing 737, Ralph Lauren Elbow Patch Shirt, Playstation Font Name, Description Of A Quack Doctor By Daniel Defoe Summary, How To Draw Tears,